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Foreign Candidates
28th Batch - 2023-24
P. O. Box 23
Bhartpur, Chitwan,
+977-056-493012 (Hos.)
+977-9801998019 (Admission)
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Instruction to Author

The Journal of College of Medical Sciences (JCMS-Nepal) welcomes the contributions for publication of original articles, case reports, short communications, review articles, letter to the editor and book reviews on all topics of Biomedical Sciences.

The manuscripts can be submitted as described below:

  1. Covering letter addressed to the chief editor by the corresponding author.
  2. Declaration signed by all authors mentioning, that it is not yet published or sent for publication.
  3. Complete manuscript
  4. Figures and tables as separate attachments
  5. Images as separate attachments (minimum resolution 300 dpi)

They should be submitted to the journal via E mail at:

Preparation of Manuscript

A. Format

The article should be typed in MS-Word format, Times New Roman font (Size-11) double-space with margins of at least 2.5 cm on both sides. The manuscript is to be arranged as given below.

B. Title:

(Heading in bold letters), without any abbreviation, authors name(s) as in the declaration form, complete address of the corresponding author, Postal address, Phone number, E-mail address. Note: Title should be simple, brief, avoiding excessive objectives and abbreviations.

C. Abstract and key words:

Abstract should not be more than 250 words and concise. It should be in structured format mentioning the background and objectives, aims of the study, materials and methods, results and conclusion. Key words (three to six) should be mentioned after the abstract and should be arranged in alphabetical order.

D. Text:

The main text in case of research papers should be divided into sections with following headings as given below 1-6. Text for original article not more than 4000 words, Case report not more than 1000 words, Review article not more than 4500 words and Letter to the editor not more than 500 words. Conclusion should be linked with the objectives of the study and supported by the results reported in the paper.

1. Introduction:

It should contain brief background and purpose of study undertaken.

2. Materials and methods:

This section should contain how the work was carried out, sufficient procedure adopted in detail(s) and allow the experiment to be interpreted and repeated by readers. Methods should contain detailed procedure of data collection, standard scientific methods like statistical evaluation with references, which were previously published. Note: Give description of modifications of new methods so that readers can judge their accuracy, reproducibility and reliability.

3. Results:

It should be written concisely with appropriate references, figures and tables. There should not be duplication of results in both tables and figures. Simple data may be sufficient instead of tables and figures. All the figures and tables should be cited in the text.

4. Discussion:

Interpretation of results should be given in lieu of recapitulation. Compare the results with previous results and discuss the clinical and scientific implications of your research. Describe how they relate to your area of investigation. Do not attempt a literature review. Consider only those published articles directly relevant to interpreting your results and placing them in context.

5. Conclusion:

Attention should be given to the usefulness of the study. Provide only conclusions of the study directly supported by the results, along with implications for clinical practice, avoiding speculation and overgeneralization. Indicate whether additional study is required before the information should be used in usual clinical settings. Give equal emphasis to positive and negative findings of equal scientific merit. Take care that the conclusion is restricted to that which can be justified by your results.

6. Acknowledgement:

Acknowledge only person(s) and/or institutes, who contributed to the work or provided support, financial or technical.

Guidelines for Referencing and Citation

The recommended style for references of JCMS Nepal is Vancouver Style, which is the part of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ (ISMJE) uniform requirement for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, available at ( This is based on the National Information Standards Organization NISO Z39.29-2005 (R2010) Bibliographic References as adapted by the National Library of Medicine for its database and is available at ( For details the authors can go through the NLM publication Citing Medicine available at (

Guidelines for Citation

  • Citations within the text of your paper are identified with a number in superscript.
    The authors argued against the previous beliefs and concluded that men are more likely to be involved in violence than women.13
  • References are numbered consecutively in the order they are first used in the text. The full citation will be used in the Reference List at the end of the document, with matching numbers identifying each reference.
  • When multiple references are cited together, a hyphen is used to indicate a series of inclusive numbers. Commas are used to indicate a series of non-inclusive numbers.
    A citation with these references (4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 19) is abbreviated as (4-7, 14, 19)
  • The original number used for a reference is reused each time the reference is cited.
    As indicated in several researches,1-3 serum magnesium in decreased in diabetes mellitus. However, these fail to provide the extent of such change.2,3
  • The citation is placed after any commas and periods, and before any colons and semi-colons.
    As indicated in the study by Gelli,4 the prevalence of diabetes in patients with Pulmonary TB suggests two important things3,4:………

Guidelines for Reference List

Standard Journal Article

  • List the first six authors followed by et al. (Note: NLM now lists all authors.)
    Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid organ transplantation in HIV infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):2847.
  • As an option, if a journal carries continuous pagination throughout a volume (as many medical journals do) the month and issue number may be omitted.
    Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid organ transplantation in HIV infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:2847.
  • More than six authors:
    Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(12):406.
  • Optional addition of a clinical trial registration number:
    Trachtenberg F, Maserejian NN, Soncini JA, Hayes C, Tavares M. Does fluoride in compomers prevent future caries in children? J Dent Res. 2009 Mar;88(3):2769. PubMed PMID: 19329464. registration number: NCT00065988.

Organisation as Author

Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):67986.

Both Personal Authors and Organization as Author (List all as they appear in the Byline.)


  • Vallancien G, Emberton M, Harving N, van Moorselaar RJ; Alf-One Study Group. Sexual dysfunction in 1,274 European men suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms. J Urol. 2003;169(6):2257-61.
  • Margulies EH, Blanchette M; NISC Comparative Sequencing Program, Haussler D, Green ED. Identification and characterization of multispecies conserved sequences. Genome Res. 2003 Dec;13(12):2507-18.

No author given

21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ. 2002;325(7357):184.

Article not in English
Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangst blant medisin-og jusstudenter. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002;122(8):785-7. Norwegian.

Optional translation of article title (MEDLINE/PubMed practice):
Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. [Disease anxiety among medical students and law students]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002 Mar 20;122(8):785-7. Norwegian.

Volume with supplements
Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short- and Long-term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42 Suppl 2:S93-9.

Issue with supplement
Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002;58(12 Suppl 7):S6-12.

Volume with part
Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal. 2002;83(Pt 2):491-5.

Issue with part
Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002;13(9 Pt 1):923-8.

Issue with no volume
Banit DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen section analysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop. 2002;(401):230-8.

No volume or issue
Outreach: bringing HIV positive individuals into care. HRSA Careaction. 2002 Jun:1-6.

Pagination in Roman Numerals
Chadwick R, Schuklenk U. The politics of ethical consensus finding. Bioethics. 2002;16(2):iii-v.

Type of Article as needed
Tor M, Turker H. International approaches to the prescription of long term oxygen therapy [letter]. Eur Respir J. 2002;20(1):242.

Lofwall MR, Strain EC, Brooner RK, Kindbom KA, Bigelow GE. Characteristics of older methadone maintenance (MM) patients [abstract]. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2002;66 Suppl 1:S105.

Article containing retraction
Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly escalating doseloading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry. 2002;63(2):169. Retraction of: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000;61(12):909-11.

Article containing partial retraction
Starkman JS, Wolder CE, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. Voiding dysfunction after removal of eroded slings. J Urol. 2006 Dec;176(6 Pt 1):2749. Partial retraction of: Starkman JS, Wolter C, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. J Urol. 2006 Sep;176(3):1040-4.

Article Retracted
Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly escalating dose loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000;61(12):90911. Retraction in: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry. 2002;63(2):169.

Article partially retracted
Starkman JS, Wolter C, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. Voiding dysfunction following removal of eroded synthetic mid urethral slings. J Urol. 2006 Sep;176(3):1040-4. Partial retraction in: Starkman JS, Wolder CE, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. J Urol. 2006 Dec;176(6 Pt 1):2749.

Article published with corrections
Mansharamani M, Chilton BS. The reproductive importance of P-type ATPases. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002;188(12):22-5. Corrected and republished from: Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2001;183(12):123-6.

Article with published erratum
Malinowski JM, Bolesta S. Rosiglitazone in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a critical review. Clin Ther. 2000;22(10):1151-68; discussion 1149-50. Erratum in: Clin Ther. 2001;23(2):309.

Article published Electronically ahead of print version
Yu WM, Hawley TS, Hawley RG, Qu CK. Immortalization of yolk sac-derived precursor cells. Blood. 2002 Nov 15;100(10):3828-31. Epub 2002 Jul 5.

Books and other Monographs

Personal Author(s)
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.

Editor(s), Compiler(s) as Authors
Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGrawHill; 2002.

Author(s) and Editor(s)
Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.

Organisation(s) as Author

  • Advanced Life Support Group. Acute medical emergencies: the practical approach. London: BMJ Books; 2001. 454 p.
  • American Occupational Therapy Association, Ad Hoc Committee on Occupational Therapy Manpower. Occupational therapy manpower: a plan for progress. Rockville (MD): The Association; 1985 Apr. 84 p.
  • National Lawyer’s Guild AIDs Network (US); National Gay Rights Advocates (US). AIDS practice manual: a legal and educational guide. 2nd ed. San Francisco: The Network; 1988.

Chapter in a book
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.

Conference Proceedings
Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 1315; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.

Conference Paper
Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza’s computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.

Scientific or Technical Report

Issued by funding/sponsoring agency:

Yen GG (Oklahoma State University, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Stillwater, OK). Health monitoring on vibration signatures. Final report. Arlington (VA): Air Force Office of Scientific Research (US), Air Force Research Laboratory; 2002 Feb. Report No.:AFRLSRBLTR020123. Contract No.: F496209810049.

Issued by performing agency

Russell ML, Goth-Goldstein R, Apte MG, Fisk WJ. Method for measuring the size distribution of airborne Rhinovirus. Berkeley (CA): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Environmental Energy Technologies Division; 2002 Jan. Report No.: LBNL49574. Contract No.: DEAC0376SF00098. Sponsored by the Department of Energy.


Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.


Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug 1.

Other Published Material

Newspaper Article
Tynan T. Medical improvements lower homicide rate: study sees drop in assault rate. The Washington Post. 2002 Aug 12;Sect. A:2 (col. 4).

Audio Visual Material
Chason KW, Sallustio S. Hospital preparedness for bioterrorism [videocassette]. Secaucus (NJ): Network for Continuing Medical Education; 2002.

Legal Material
Public Law
Veterans Hearing Loss Compensation Act of 2002, Pub. L. No. 107-9, 115 Stat. 11 (May 24, 2001).

Uneacted Bill
Healthy Children Learn Act, S. 1012, 107th Cong., 1st Sess. (2001).

Code of Federal Regulations
Cardiopulmonary Bypass Intracardiac Suction Control, 21 C.F.R. Sect. 870.4430 (2002).

Arsenic in Drinking Water: An Update on the Science, Benefits and Cost: Hearing Before the Subcomm. on environment, Technology and Standards of the House Comm. on Science, 107th Cong., 1st Sess. (Oct. 4, 2001).

Pratt B, Flick P, Vynne C, cartographers. Biodiversity hotspots [map]. Washington: Conservation international; 2000.

Dictionary and similar references
Dorland’s illustrated medical dictionary. 29th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders; 2000. Filamin; p. 67

Unpublished Material

In Press or Forthcoming
Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Forthcoming 2002.

Electronic Material
Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson’s electronic atlas of hematology [CDROM]. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.

Journal Article on the internet
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 1 p.]. Available from:

  • Optional presentation (omits bracketed phrase that qualifies journal title abbreviation):
    Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 1 p.]. Available from:
  • Article with document number in place of traditional pagination:
    Williams JS, Brown SM, Conlin PR. Videos in clinical medicine. Blood pressure measurement. N Engl J Med. 2009 Jan 29;360(5):e6. PubMed PMID: 19179309.
  • Article with a Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
    Zhang M, Holman CD, Price SD, Sanfilippo FM, Preen DB, Bulsara MK. Comorbidity and repeat admission to hospital for adverse drug reactions in older adults: retrospective cohort study. BMJ. 2009 Jan 7;338:a2752. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a2752. PubMed PMID: 19129307; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2615549.
  • Article with unique publisher item identifier (pii) in place of traditional pagination or DOI:
    Tegnell A, Dillner J, Andrae B. Introduction of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in Sweden. Euro Surveill. 2009 Feb 12;14(6). pii: 19119. PubMed PMID: 19215721.

Monograph in the internet
Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer [Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from:

Homepage / Website
Example: [Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c200001 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from:

Database on the internet
Open database
Who’s Certified [Internet]. Evanston (IL): The American Board of Medical Specialists. c2000 [cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from:
Closed database
Jablonski S. Online Multiple Congenital Anomaly/Mental Retardation (MCA/MR) Syndromes [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); c1999 [updated 2001 Nov 20; cited 2002 Aug 12]. Available from:

Part of a Database in Internet
MeSH Browser [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2002 . Metaanalysis [cited 2008 Jul 24]; [about 2 p.]. Available from: mode=&index=16408&view=concept MeSH Unique ID: D017418.


  1. Holt M. The Health Care Blog [Internet]. San Francisco: Matthew Holt. 2003 Oct- [cited 2009 Feb 13]. Available from:
  2. [Internet]. New York: KidneyNotes. c2006- [cited 2009 Feb 13]. Available from:
  3. Wall Street Journal. HEALTH BLOG: WSJ’s blog on health and the business of health [Internet]. Hensley S, editor. New York: Dow Jones & Company, Inc. c2007- [ cited 2009 Feb 13]. Available from:

Contribution to blog:

  1. Mantone J. Head trauma haunts many, researchers say. 2008 Jan 29 [cited 2009 Feb 13]. In: Wall Street Journal. HEALTH BLOG [Internet]. New York: Dow Jones & Company, Inc. c2008 .[about 1 screen].
  2. Campbell A. Diabetes and alcohol: do the two mix? (Part 2). 2008 Jan 28 [cited 2009 Feb 13]. In: Diabetes Self-Management Blog [Internet]. New York: Diabetes Self-Management. [2006 Aug 14]-. 2 p. Available from:
  3. Reider J. Docnotes: Health, Technology, Family Medicine and other observations [Internet]. [place unknown]: Jacob Reider. 1999-. CRP again …; 2004 Apr 2 [cited 2009 Feb 13]; [about 1 screen]. Available from:


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